2 edition of Aspects of agricultural employment and productivity in some developing Asian countries. found in the catalog.
Aspects of agricultural employment and productivity in some developing Asian countries.
H G. Scott
1972 by University of Birmingham.Faculty of Commerce and Social Science in Birmingham .
Written in English
|Series||University of Birmingham. Faculty of Commerce and Social Science. Occasional paper, no. 16|
Book: Agrarian structure and productivity in developing countries: a study prepared for the International Labour Office within the framework of the World Employment Programme pp pp. Abstract: This study on the relationship between farm size farm size Subject Category: PropertiesCited by: This book measures the comparative performance of total and partial productivities of land, labour and capital. The countries covered are: Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea Republic, Malaysia, Pakistan and the Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Taiwan. The reference period spans , subject to data by: 1.
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Agricultural investment in developing countries and the potential contribution of foreign investors. The second section provides an overview of the methodology used in the studies. The third section summarizes the new trends in FDI flows to the agricultural sector of developing countries.
The factors driving these developments are then Size: KB. Henry G. Scott has written: 'Aspects of agricultural employment and productivity in some developing Asian countries' -- subject(s): Agricultural laborers, Agriculture, Economic aspects of.
Some Aspects of China's Agricultural Development Experience: Implications for Developing Countries in Asia JOHN WONG* University of Singapore Summary. - China's rather 'unorthodox' rural development strategies have attracted growing interest from developing countries in search of more effective development by: 4.
In numerous countries, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa, this “agricultural productivity gap” (APG) is much larger, as high as a factor of Taken at face value, this deviation between theory and data suggests that living standards are much lower for agricultural households, and that some economic, social, or political “barrier” is.
Employment in agriculture in Southeast Asian countries Country Employment in agriculture (% of total employment) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Agriculture value added per worker (constant USD) Brunei.
1 1 80,21 83,87* Cambodia 54 51 36 36 Indonesia 38 35 15 14 1, Lao by: 1. The green revolution of the s and s which resulted in dramatic yield increases in the developing Asian countries is now showing signs of fatigue in productivity gains.
Intensive agriculture practiced without adherence to the scientific principles and ecological aspects has led to loss of soil health, and depletion of freshwater Cited by: accounts, this “agricultural productivity gap” (APG) is ar ound a factor of four in developing coun-tries, on average.
In many poor countries the gaps are even higher, with a number of countries having gaps above ten. These large agricultural productivity gaps have several important implications for developing countries. put in former Soviet bloc countries, developing countries now account for about two-thirds of global agri-cultural output—up from 42% in (FAO, ).
Further, as rising incomes in developing countries lead to changes in the kinds of foods con-sumers demand, the share of staple food commodities in world agricul-ture has declined.
EMPLOYMENT, PRODUCTIVITY, AND TRADE IN DEVELOPING-COUNTRY AGRICULTURE David 1Cheong and Marion Jansen INTRODUCTION Agriculture employs more than a billion people in developing countries.
In low- and middle-income countries, the agricultural sector tends to be the primary source of employment. agricultural employment. This study is organized into three sections. Section I presents major trends in agricultural employment, it also presents a comparative account of employment and income in agriculture at the aggregate and disaggregate levels.
Subsequently the issue of labour productivity and wages in agriculture is discussed in Section Size: KB. By presenting an international assessment of total factor productivity growth in agriculture, including up-to-date empirical analysis for developed and developing countries and regions, it provides a response to the rising global scarcity of agricultural production.
Essential reading for researchers, policy makers and : Keith O. Fuglie. The Agricultural Productivity Gap in Developing Countries We de ne the Agricultural Productivity Gap (APG) to be: APG AV n =L n AV a =L a: Under some moderately restrictive assumptions, APG should be close to 1; this is a useful benchmark.
ypicalT developing country has APG of 4. Some have 8 or more. But can we trust these highly aggregate numbers. There is also evidence that growth in agricultural total factor productivity (a broad measure of sector-wide productivity) may have slowed down in some developed countries (Choices, ).
This article provides a reassessment of agricultural productivity growth at the regional and global levels, drawing on 15 case studies newly published in. Beef production will continue to grow across the main producing countries over the outlook period (Figure ).
In developing countries, it is projected that it will be 17% higher inrelative to the base period. Developing countries are projected to account for. “agricultural productivity gaps” observed in developing countries. To do so, we develop a new database of internationally comparable sectoral measures of human capital per worker, hours worked per worker, and value added constructed from household survey data (as opposed to national income accounts).
We then use these “While policy. To keep pace with population growth, food production in developing Asia and the Pacific will need to increase mainly through improved land and labor productivity.
Measures are needed to increase agricultural investments and put in place supporting national and international policies. These measures. manual, it contains indications about desirable properties of productivity measures.
Hence, when countries have a choice in constructing new measures or developing a system of indicators, the manual may provide guidance. • Identify desirable characteristics of productivity measures by reference to a coherentFile Size: KB. 94 Other measures concerning developing countries in the WTO agreements include: • extra timefor developing countries to fulfil their commitments (in many of the WTO agreements) • provisions designed to increase developing countries’ trading opportunities through greater market access (e.g.
in textiles, services, technical barriers to trade). This paper examines changes in agricultural productivity in 18 developing countries over the period – We use a nonparametric, output-based Malmquist index and a parametric variable coefficients Cobb–Douglas production function to examine, whether our estimates confirm results from other studies that have indicated declining agricultural productivity in by: The components of globalization include GDP, industrialization and the Human Development Index (HDI).
The GDP is the market value of all finished goods and services produced within a country's. THE ROLE OF AGRICULTURE IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF LDCS 7 INTRODUCTION Role of agriculture in the economy The agricultural sector is at the heart of the economies of the least-developed countries (LDCs).
It accounts for a large share of gross domestic product (GDP) (ranging from 30 to 60 percent in about twoFile Size: KB. If agricultural employment is included, the percentages rise, in some countries like India and many sub-Saharan African countries beyond 90%.
Estimates for developed countries are around 15%.  In recent surveys, the informal economy in. The first paper, Inputs, Productivity, and Agricultural Growth in Africa South of the Sahara, finds productivity to be the main driver of agricultural growth in SSA in recent years.
In the case of poorer countries with low labor productivity and low input use per worker, increased productivity resulted from increased input-use efficiency. in the developing world, and that policy makers should take steps to encourage workers to shift out of agricultural production and into the non-agricultural activities.
In this paper we draw on new micro evidence from a large set of developing countries to ask to. On Employment and Poverty With some notable exceptions, economists are increasingly convinced that there are links from high fertility and resulting population growth on the one hand to persistent poverty and wage stagnation in developing countries on the other.
High fertility andFile Size: KB. Moreover, non-agricultural employment must become available in rural areas. The reason is that marginal farmers will abandon the sector as it grows more productive. These people will need new jobs, and the transformation of the rural areas will give scope for providing such jobs.
After all, boosting agricultural productivity is not just about. Agricultural policies in developing countries Exchange rates, prices, and taxation Increased production of food and cash crops and higher rural incomes have been important objec-tives for governments of developing countries.
In pursuing these objectives, governments, with the support of foreign assistance, have made substan. Agricultural Productivity Gaps In most sub-Saharan countries, agriculture is a large sector in terms of employment and output.
But typically agriculture's share of employment is much higher than its. The poor participate much more in growth in the agricultural sector, especially in low-income countries, resulting in much larger poverty reduction impact. Together, these findings support the overall premise that enhancing agricultural productivity is the critical entry-point in designing effective poverty reduction strategies, including in.
The Impact of Education on Agricultural Productivity 14 The Identification Strategy The identification strategy starts out with the definition of the regime separation index which is the technical change component () and is measured as the following as in Färe et al.
(): =[(0. The Growth and Development of the Indonesian Economy Economic Developments Indonesia’s economy has expanded strongly over recent decades, notwithstanding the sharp economic contraction that occurred during the – Asian financial crisis (Graph 1 and Table 1).
This strong pace of growth has seen. Poverty and Low Earnings in the Developing World Gary S. Fields Cornell University and IZA [email protected] July, Abstract More than three billion people are poor by international standards, and essentially all are to be found in the low- and middle-income countries of Asia, Africa, and Latin by: 3.
ADVERTISEMENTS: The general factors determining agricultural productivity are as follows: 1. Pressure of Population on Agriculture: The high man-land ratio in the developed countries of the world is contrasted by low man-land ratio in the developing countries (of Asia in particular).
Overcrowding in agriculture has resulted in fragmentation of landholdings and pseudo. emigration from today's developing countries is not possible. Compared with Europe, Japan, and North America in their periods of fastest population growth, income in developing countries is still low, human and physical capital are less built up, and in some countries political and social institu-tions are less well established.
Sectoral Productivity in Developing Countries El-hadj M. Bahy Department of Economics, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand November, This paper seeks to understand which sectors account for the total factor pro-ductivity (TFP) gap between rich and poor countries. I use a three-sector. sectoral productivity differences in developing countries, available data for U.S.
states is richer in some dimensions than the data widely available in developing countries, and in U.S. states we know that bar-riers to workers moving between sectors do not play an important role. One similar ﬁnding from the.
of agricultural productivity differences among countries which Yujiro Hayami and Vernon W. Ruttan presented in their book on Agricultural Development: An International Perspect.:ve.' In the Hayami-Ruttan study the induced innovation hypothesis was tested against the historical experience of agricultural productivity growth in Japan and the United.
If most of the population growth in the future is expected to take place in developing countries, predict what effects this will likely have. People in these countries will live in poverty. There will be an increase in demand for access to basic goods and services.
Full text of "Agricultural investment and productivity in developing countries" See other formats. Keith and David () conducted a study about the special issue on agricultural productivity growth: a closer look at large, developing countries that.
Agriculture is the science and art of cultivating plants and livestock. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that enabled people to live in cities. The history of agriculture began thousands of years ago.
After gathering wild grains beginning at leastyears ago, (—) European Union: Manufacturing productivity has been increasing faster relative to agricultural productivity in a number of Asian countries in recent years.
The literature provides two hypotheses for this phenomenon. First, increases in physical capital investment led to manufacturing productivity growth in many Asian countries (Tinakorn and Sussangkarn The Role of Agriculture in Development Douglas Gollin, Stephen Parente and Richard Rogerson* A longstanding question in economics is why some countries are so much richer than others.
Today, for example, income per capita in the world’s richest countries is roughly thirty-five times greater than it is in the world’s poorest countries.